News, Events, Birthdays, History - November 19 - November 25
Robert Kennedy - November 20, 1925
Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy was the younger brother of President John F. Kennedy and acted as one of his advisers during his presidency, and 1961 to 1964 served as the U.S. Attorney General.
Following his brother John's assassination on November 22, 1963, Kennedy continued to serve as Attorney General under President Lyndon B. Johnson for nine months. He then resigned, sought and won the U.S. Senate seat from New York, and within a few years he publicly split with Johnson over the Vietnam War.
In March 1968, Kennedy began a campaign for the presidency and was the front-running candidate of the Democratic Party. In the California presidential primary on June 4, Kennedy defeated Eugene McCarthy, a fellow U.S. Senator from Minnesota. Following a brief victory speech delivered just past midnight on June 5 at The Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, Kennedy was assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan. Fatally wounded, he survived for nearly 26 hours, dying early in the morning of June 6.
Abigail Adams - November 22, 1744
Abigail Adams was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States, and the mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth President. Abilgail is perhaps best remembered through the many letters she wrote to her husband during the American revolutionary war years when he served in the Continental Congress. John Adams frequently sought the advice of his wife on many matters, and their letters are filled with intellectual discussions on government and politics. The letters are also invaluable eyewitness accounts of the Revolutionary War home front as well as excellent sources of political commentary.
Franklin Pierce - November 23, 1804
Franklin Pierce was the 14th President of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857. He was the first President to be born in the 19th century, and to date is the only President from the State New Hampshire. His inoffensive personality caused him to make many friends, but he suffered tragedy in his personal life and as president subsequently made decisions which were widely criticized and divisive in their effects, thus giving him the reputation as one of the worst presidents in U.S. history.
Abandoned by his party, Pierce was not renominated to run in the 1856 presidential election. Pierce continued his lifelong struggle with alcoholism as his marriage to Jane Means Appleton Pierce fell apart. His reputation was destroyed during the American Civil War when he declared support for the Confederacy, and personal correspondence between Pierce and Confederate President Jefferson Davis was leaked to the press. He died in 1869 from cirrhosis.
November 19, 1863 - Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
The Gettysburg Address is a speech by Abraham Lincoln and is one of the most well known speeches in United States history. It was delivered at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, during the American Civil War, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the decisive Battle of Gettysburg.
Abraham Lincoln's carefully crafted address, secondary to other presentations that day, came to be regarded as one of the greatest speeches in American history. In just over two minutes, Lincoln invoked the principles of human equality espoused by the Declaration of Independence and redefined the Civil War as a struggle not merely for the Union, but as "a new birth of freedom" that would bring true equality to all of its citizens, and that would also create a unified nation in which states' rights were no longer dominant.
The Gettysburg address is only 10 sentences in length, and took only two or three minutes for Lincoln to deliver.
November 22, 1963 - John F. Kennedy Assassination
The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time. Kennedy was fatally shot while riding with his wife Jacqueline in a Presidential motorcade. The ten-month investigation of the Warren Commission of 1963–1964, the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) of 1976–1979, and other government investigations concluded that the President was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald - who himself was murdered before he could stand trial. This conclusion was initially met with support among the American public, but polls conducted from 1966 show as many as 80% of the American public hold beliefs contrary to these findings. The assassination is still the subject of widespread debate and has spawned numerous conspiracy theories and alternative scenarios.